From a Norman Keep to a small town, rising as a major city (1905), thanks to the port for the transport of coal, and then being proclaimed the capital of Wales (1955), Cardiff has continued to grow and play a pivotal role within Wales. Coal, the ‘Black gold’ of its day led to the first £1million pound cheque being signed at the Cardiff Coal Exchange in 1909, at one time the price of the world’s coal was determined here.

Cardiff is home to the Senedd Cymru – Welsh Parliament, and devolved areas include health, education, economic development, transport, the environment, agriculture, local government and some taxes. It is a bilingual institution, with both Welsh and English as the official languages of its business.

Sport plays an important part of the Welsh identity and Cardiff hosts a wide range of venues including the Principality Stadium - home of the Welsh Rugby Union; Cardiff Arms Park - the home of Cardiff Blues and Cardiff RFC; Sophia Garden, home of Glamorgan County Cricket Club; the Cardiff Devils ice hockey team meet at Ice Area Wales and Cardiff Amateur Athletic Club meets at the Cardiff International Sports Stadium.

Wales is often described as the land of song and the city has been home to a wide range of popular artists including Ivor Novello, Shirley Bassey, and the Super Fury Animals. The Welsh National Opera regularly performs at the iconic Wales Millennium Centre in Cardiff Bay, which is just a short walk away from the Norwegian Church where Roald Dahl was baptised. Regular radio and TV presenters Jason Mohammed and John Humphreys were born in Cardiff.

Image Credit: Canolfan Mileniwm Cymru | Wales Millennium Centre (c) VisitCardiff

Wales Millennium Centre (c) Visit Cardif