This stream focuses on research and developments across all civil justice systems in the widest sense and considers the reform efforts to increase access to justice. Papers dealing with the impact of the covid-19 pandemic on the civil justice system are particularly welcome.  

Areas of interest for this stream include (but are not limited to):

  • Impact of Covid-19 on the civil court process and access to justice

  • Reform of the civil court process, including reform of procedural rules

  • The digitisation of the civil justice system e.g. online dispute resolution, video hearings etc.

  • All aspects of the judiciary

  • Litigants in person and vulnerable litigants

  • Costs and funding

  • The role and function of traditional forms of ADR procedures including mediation and arbitration

  • The role and functions of ombudsman systems.


Masood Ahmed (


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